Planning the design of parking facilities involves considering both the functional and aesthetic benefits of the facility. Many car owners make the mistake of over-thinking parking design, and the result is a facility that does not meet functional standards. The proper layout and design of parking lots is key to meeting the functional requirements of any business. Consider how many cars are expected to park at a certain time and where they will be parked. If the parking lot is crowded, consider creating multiple exit lanes.
Avoiding dead ends when designing a parking facility is essential. The most effective parking lots avoid dead ends, which can disrupt traffic flow and increase the likelihood of accidents. Always consider pedestrian needs when planning your parking lot. If it will cross a pedestrian path, include a traffic calming element. If space permits, you can even place a trash enclosure pad at the end of the parking lot. This can help reduce the risk of collisions with vehicles parked in the area.
The basic requirements for a parking lot include minimum width for access aisles, accessible parking spaces, and accessibility measures. Individual stalls should be at least eight feet wide, and a common aisle should be at least five feet wide. Parking vehicle overhangs should be limited to one-third of the clear width of the accessible route. Finally, parking spaces should be level and sloped no more than 2%. If a parking lot is sloped, make sure the surface is level with a minimum entrance radius of six feet.